Overview Mitani and co-authors’ present a deep-learning algorithm trained with retinal images and participants’ clinical data from the UK Biobank to estimate blood-haemoglobin levels and predict the presence or absence of anaemia (Mitani et al.
It is usually taught in statistics classes that Binomial probabilities can be approximated by Poisson probabilities, which are generally easier to calculate. This approximation is valid “when \(n\) is large and \(np\) is small,” and rules of thumb are sometimes given.
There are many tutorials for importing data into R focusing on a specific function/package. This one focuses on 3 different packages. You will learn how to import all common formats of flat file data with base R functions and the dedicated readr and data.